David M. Almeida
Professor of Human Development and Family Studies
403 BBH Building
The Pennsylvania State University
University Park PA 16802
I am a life-span developmental psychologist with a primary focus on stress and coping during middle adulthood. My research examines the effects of biological and self-reported indicators of stress on health. My primary interest has been the role of daily stress on healthy aging but I have also examined stress processes in specific populations and contexts, such as the workplace and family interactions, parents of children with developmental disabilities, and family caregivers. My research has shown that minor yet frequent daily stressors are often better predictors of important health outcomes than major life events, which have been the focus of research for decades. To further his research in this area, I developed an instrument, the Daily Inventory of Stressful Experiences that has been used in large scale epidemiologic and intervention studies on health and well-being. My research has received continuous funding from the National Institutes of Health since 1996, and has received funding from many other agencies, including the German Research Council, the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the W.T Grant Foundation, and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.
Much of my energy is currently directed at two Projects. I am the Principal Investigator of the National Study of Daily Experiences (NSDE) one of the in-depth studies that are part of the MacArthur Foundation National Survey of Midlife in the United States (MIDUS, http://www.midus.wisc.edu/). NSDE is the largest longitudinal diary study of daily experiences and health in the U.S.
I also direct the Workplace Practices and Daily Family Well-Being Project a component of the Work, Family, Health Study (http://projects.iq.harvard.edu/wfhn). Our project investigates the daily health effects of an employer-initiated workplace program designed to increase employee flexibility and control over how and when their work is done and to increase the support of supervisors for employees’ work-family issues. More specifically, we study a subsample of employees and their children in more depth to assess whether the outcomes of workplace program spill over to improve employees’ daily parenting and health and cross over to daily family processes and health in children. This project characterizes daily experiences and functioning using nightly telephone interviews as well as momentary measurements of salivary cortisol.
Current Research Projects
Integrative Pathways to Health and Illness: Testing Older Cohort Hypotheses (Pending). National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, 2012-2015, $2,700,053 (Role: Investigator, PI: Carol Ryff).
Age, Emotional Well-Being, and Physical Health (Pending). National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, 2012-2015, $1,277,406 (Role: Investigator, PI: Susan Charles).
Integrated Pathways to Health and Illness: The MIDUS Refresher Cohort Project 2: Daily Stress and Well-Being. National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, 2011-2016, $978,349 (Principal Investigator).
Stress, Unconstructive Repetitive Thought and Cognitive Aging. National Institute on Aging, 2011-2016, $1,500,000 (Role: Investigator, PI: Martin Slwiniski)
A Daily Diary Evaluation of the Health Benefits of a Workplace Intervention. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, 2008-2013, $4,999,870 (Principal Investigator).
Daily Experience in Adolescence and Biomarkers of Early Risk for Adult Health. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, 2011-2016, $3,141,979 (Role: Investigator, PI: Andrew Fuligni).
Work, Family, & Health Network. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institute on Aging, Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research of the National Institutes of Health, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, (Co-Principal Investigator).
Changes in Daily Stress During Adulthood National Institute on Aging. National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, 2003-2008, (Principal Investigator).
2010: Evan G. and Helen G. Pattishall Outstanding Research Achievement Award
1999: Teaching Award of Merit, National Association of Colleges of Agriculture, College of Agriculture, University of Arizona.
1996: Outstanding Alumni Award, California State University, Northridge
1994: MacArthur Foundation Research Network Affiliate
B.A., 1987, Psychology, California State University, Northridge
M.A., 1990, Psychology, University of Victoria
Ph.D., 1993, Psychology, University of Victoria
2007-present: Professor, Human Development and Family Studies, The Pennsylvania State University.
2004 - 2007: Associate Professor, Human Development and Family Studies, The Pennsylvania State University.
2003 - Visiting Scholar, Institute on Education, University of London, United Kingdom
2002-2003: Visiting Scholar, Institute on Aging, University of Wisconsin, Madison
2000 - 2003: Associate Professor, Division of Family Studies and Human Development, School of Family and Consumer Resources, University of Arizona.
1996 - 2000: Assistant Professor, Division of Family Studies and Human Development, School of Family and Consumer Resources, University of Arizona.
1993-1996: Postdoctoral Fellow, NIMH Miltisite Family Research Consortium, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan.
Almeida, D. M., Piazza, J. R. Stawski, R. S. , & Kline, L. C. (in press) The Speedometer of Life: Stress, Health and Aging. In K.W. Schaie & R. Levey. The Handbook of the psychology of aging. Elsevier, NewYork
Karlamangla, A., Friedman, E., Stawksi, R. S.& Seeman & Almeida, D. M. (in press). Daytime trajectories of cortisol: Demographic and socioeconomic differences. Findings from The National Study of Daily Experiences. Psychoneuroendocrinology.
Stawski, R., S & Almeida, D. M. (in press). Associations among daily stressors and salivary cortisol: Findings from the National Study of Daily Experiences. Psychoneuroendocrinology.
Almeida, D. M., Davis, K. D., & Crouter, A. C.(2013) Translational research on work and family: Daily stress processes in hotel employees and their families. In Improving the state of Americans: Translational research in the social and behavioral sciences. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Charles, S. T., Piazza, J. R., Slwinski, M., Mogle, J., & Almeida, D. M. (2013). The wear-and-tear of daily stressors on mental health. Psychological Science.
Piazza, J. R., Charles, S. T., Slwinski, M., Mogle, J., & Almeida, D. M. (2013). Affective reactivity to daily stressors and long-term risk of reporting a chronic physical health condition. Annals of Behavioral Medicine
Piazza, J. R, Almeida, D. M., Dimitreva, N. & Klein, L. C. (2010). Frontiers in the use of biomarkers in research on stress and aging. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences. 65, 513-25
Almeida, D. M., & Wong, J. D. (2009). Life transitions and daily stress rocesses. In G. H., Elder, Jr., & J. Z. Giele (Eds.), The craft of life course research (pp. 41-162). New York: Guilford Press.
Almeida, D. M., Piazza, J. R., & Stawski, R. S. (2009). Inter-individual differences and intra-individual variability in the cortisol awakening response: An examination of age and gender. Psychology and Aging, 24, 819-827.
Almeida, D. M. McGonagle, K., & King, H. (2009). Assessing daily stress processes in social surveys by combining stressor exposure and salivary cortisol. Biodemography and Social Biology, 55, 220-238.
- Human Development
- Contexts and Social Institutions