Negative effects of workplace injury and illness on safety perceptions and health outcomes

Being injured or suffering illness on the job can contribute to employee stress, job dissatisfaction, and turnover intent, according to an article published by Deirdre McCaughey, assistant professor, and colleagues in the January 2013 issue of Safety Science. The researchers examined whether workplace injuries and illnesses influence health care providers' safety climate perceptions and how workplace safety climate perceptions influence health care provider well-being and organizational commitment. The research was conducted in a large community-based hospital with nursing and allied health professionals, both occupations that have high injury rates, job dissatisfaction, turnover, and shortages. Results indicate that workplace-derived injury and illness are associated with poor perceptions of safety climate, and that perceptions of safety climate mediate the relationship between workplace-derived injuries and sick days and three outcome variables: job stress, turnover intention, and job satisfaction. The team argues that health care managers need to engage in positively enhancing the precipitating environment and conditions that may lead to health care accidents, injuries, and illnesses in order to improve safety climate perceptions and employee outcomes.

To read the paper, go to: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925753512001488.