Below is a list of publications written from our research findings. Please click the links (when available) to review the articles.


Morales, S., Beekman, C., Blandon, A.Y., Stifter, C. A., & Buss, K. A. (in press). Longitudinal associations between temperament and socioemotional outcomes in young children: the moderating role of RSA and gender. Developmental Psychobiology.

Augustine, M. E. & Stifter, C. A. (in press). Temperament, parenting, and moral development: Specificity of behavior and context. Social Development.

Stifter, C. & Rovine, M. (in press). Modeling dyadic processes using Hidden Markov Models: A time series approach to mother-infant interactions during infant immunization. Infant and Child Development (special issue).

Mills-Koonce, R., Wagner, N., Willoughby, M., Stifter, C., Blair, C., Granger, D., & the Family Life Project Key Investigators (in press). Greater fear reactivity and psychophysiological hyperactivity in infants with later conduct problems and callous unemotional traits. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.

Moding, K. J., Birch, L., & Stifter, C. A. (2014). Infant temperament and feeding history predict infants’ acceptance of novel foods. Appetite, 23, 218-225.

Kim, B., Stifter, C., Philbrook, L., & Teti, D. (2014). Infant emotion regulation: Relations to bedtime emotional availability, attachment security, and temperament. Infant Behavior and Development, 37, 480-490.

Anzman-Frasca, S., Stifter, C., Paul, I., & Birch, L. (2014). Negative temperament as a moderator of intervention effects in infancy: Testing a differential susceptibility model. Prevention Science, 15, 643-653.

Blandon, A., Scrimgeour, M., Stifter, C., & Buss, K (2014). Within- and between-family differences in cooperative and competitive coparenting. Journal of Family Psychology, 28, 106-111.

Cipriano, E., Skowron, E., Stifter, C., & Teti, D. (2013). Heterogeneity in maltreated and non-maltreated preschool children’s inhibitory control: The interplay between parenting quality and child temperament. Infant and Child Development, 22, 501-522.

Anzman-Frasca, S., Stifter, C., Paul, I., & Birch, L. (2013). Infant temperament and maternal parenting self-efficacy predict child weight outcomes. Infant Behavior and Development, 36, 494-497.

Scrimgeour, M., Blandon, A., Stifter, C., & Buss, K. A. (2013). Cooperative coparenting moderates the association between parenting practices and children's prosocial behavior. Journal of Family Psychology, 27, 506-511.

Ursache, A., Blair C., Stifter, C., Voegtline, K., & the FLP Investigators (2013). Emotional reactivity and regulation in infancy interact to predict executive functioning in early childhood. Developmental Psychology, 49, 127-137.

Dollar, J. & Stifter, C. (2012). Temperamental surgency and emotion regulation as predictors of childhood social competence. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 112, 178-194.

Anzman-Frasca, S., Stifter, C., & Birch, L. (2012). Temperament and childhood obesity risk: A review of the literature. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 33, 732-745.

Towe-Goodman, N., Stifter, C., Mills-Koones, W. R., & Granger, D. (2012). Interparental aggression and infant patterns of adrenocortical and behavioral stress responses. Developmental Psychobiology, 54, 685-699.

Conway, A., & Stifter, C. A. (2012). Longitudinal antecedents of executive function in preschoolers. Child Development, 83, 1022-1036.

Stifter, C., Dollar, J. M., Cipriano, E. A., & (2011). Temperament and emotion regulation: The role of autonomic nervous system reactivity. Developmental Psychobiology, 52, 266-279.

Voegtline, K. M., Stifter, C. A., & The Family Life Project Investigators (2010). Late-preterm birth, maternal symptomatology, and infant negativity. Infant Behavior and Development, 33, 545-554.

Cipriano, E. A., & Stifter, C. A. (2010). Predicting preschool effortful control from toddler temperament and parenting behavior. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 31, 221-230.

Stifter, C. A., Cipriano, E., Conway, A., & Kelleher, R. (2009). Temperament and the development of conscience: The moderating role of effortful control. Social Development, 18, 353-374.

Jahromi, L. B., & Stifter, C.A. (2008). Individual differences in preschoolers’ self-regulation and theory of mind. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 54, 125-150.

Stifter, C. A., Putnam, S., & Jahromi, L. (2008). Exuberant and inhibited toddlers: Stability of temperament and prediction to behavior problems. Development and Psychopathology, 20, 401-421.

Stifter, C. A., Willoughby, M., & Towe-Goodman, N. (2008). Agree or agree to disagree: Assessing the convergence between parents and observers of infant temperament. Infant and Child Development, 17, 407-426.

Warren, H. K., & Stifter, C. A. (2008). Maternal emotion-related socialization and preschoolers’ developing emotion self-awareness. Social Development, 17, 239-258.

Jahromi, L. B., & Stifter, C.A. (2007). Individual differences in the effectiveness of maternal soothing on reducing infant distress response. Infancy, 11, 255-269.

Spinrad, T. L., & Stifter, C. A. 2006). Toddlers’ empathy-related responding to distress: Predictions from negative emotionality and maternal behaviors in infancy. Infancy, 10, 97-121.

Quigley, K. S., & Stifter, C. A. (2006). A comparative validation of sympathetic reactivity in children and adults. Psychophysiology, 43, 357-365.

Ahn, H. J., & Stifter, C.A. (2006). Child care teachers’ responses to children’s emotional expressions. Early Education and Development, 17, 253-270.

Stifter, C. A. (2005). Crying behaviour and its impact on psychosocial child development. In Encyclopedia on Early Development. Centre of Excellence for Early Childhood Development

Putnam, S., & Stifter, C. (2005). Behavioral approach-inhibition in toddlers: Prediction from infancy, positive and negative affective components, and relations with behavior problems. Child Development, 76, 212-226.

Jahromi, L., Stifter, C. (2004). Individual differences in maternal soothing effects.

Jahromi, L., Putnam, S., & Stifter, C. (2004). Maternal regulation of infant reactivity from 2 to 6 months. Developmental Psychology, 40, 477-487.

Stifter, C. & Wiggins, C. (2004). Assessment of disturbances in emotion regulation and temperament. In R. DelCarmen-Wiggins & A. Carter, (eds.). Handbook of Infant, Toddler, and Preschool Mental Health Assessment (pp. 79-103). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Spinrad, T., Stifter, C., Donelan-McCall, N., & Turner, L. (2004). Mothers regulation strategies in response to toddlers affect: Links to later emotion self-regulation. Social Development, 13, 40-55.

Stifter, C., Bono, M., & Spinrad, T. (2003). Parent characteristics and conceptualizations associated with the emergence of infant colic. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 21,309-322.

Bono, M. & Stifter, C. (2003). Maternal attention-directing strategies and infant focused attention during problem solving. Infancy, 4, 235-250.

Spinrad, T., Stifter, C. (2002). Maternal sensitivity and infant emotional reactivity: Concurrent and longitudinal relations. Marriage and Family Review, 34, 243-263.

Putnam, S. & Stifter, C. (2002). Development of approach and inhibition in the first year: Parallel findings from motor behavior, temperament ratings, and directional cardiac response. Developmental Science, 5, 441-451.

Stifter, C. & Spinrad, T. (2002). The effect of excessive crying on the development of emotion regulation. Infancy, 3, 133-152.

Stifter, C. (2002). Individual differences in emotion regulation in infancy: A thematic collection. Infancy, 3, 129-132.

Putnam, S., Spritz, B., & Stifter, C. (2002). Mother-child co-regulation during delay of gratification at 30 months. Infancy, 3, 209-225.

Stifter, C. & Corey, J. (2001). Vagal regulation and observed social behavior in infancy. Social Development, 10, 189-201.

Stifter, C.A. (2001). “Life” after unexplained crying: Child and parent outcomes. In R. Barr, I. St. James Roberts, & M. Keefe (eds.). New evidence on unexplained early infant crying: Its origins, nature and management (pp. 273-288). Johnson & Johnson Pediatric Institute.

Fish, M. & Stifter, C. A. (1999). Parenting attitudes and behaviors in rural Appalachian mothers: A comparison study. Journal of Rural Community Psychology.

Stifter, C. A., Spinrad, T., & Braungart-Rieker, J. (1999). Toward a developmental model of child compliance: The role of emotion regulation in infancy.Child Development, 70, 21-32.

Stifter, C. A. & Spinrad, T. (1999). Colic and parents. In C. Smith (Ed.), The Encyclopedia of Parenting Theory and Research (pp. 73-74). Greenwood Publishing: Westport: CT.

Spinrad, T. & Stifter, C.A. (1999). Mothering. In C. Smith (Ed.), The Encyclopedia of Parenting Theory and Research(pp. 280-282). Greenwood Publishing: Westport, CT.

Porges, S., Doussard-Roosevelt, J., Stifter, C., McClenny, B., & Riniolo, T. (1999). Sleep state and the efficiency of the vagal brake in the regulation of heart rate the human newborn: An extension of the Polyvagal Theory. Psychophysiology, 36, 14-21.

Ponirakis, A., Susman, E., & Stifter, C. A. (1998). Negative emotionality and cortisol during adolescent pregnancy and its effects on infant health and autonomic nervous system reactivity. Developmental Psychobiology, 33, 163-174.

Stifter, C. A. & Bono, M. (1998). The effect of infant colic on maternal self-perceptions and mother-infant attachment. Child: Care, Health and Development, 24, 339-351.

Braungart-Rieker, J., Garwood, M., & Stifter, C. (1997). Compliance and noncompliance: The roles of maternal control and child temperament. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 18, 411-428.

Braungart, J. M., & Stifter, C. A. (1996). Infant responses to frustrating events: Continuity and change in reactivity and regulation. Child Development, 67, 1767-1779.

Stifter, C. A., & Jain, A. (1996). Psychophysiological correlates of infant temperament: Stability of behavior and autonomic patterning from 5 to 18 months. Developmental Psychobiology, 29, 379-391.

Fish, M. & Stifter, C. A. (1995). Patterns of mother-infant interaction and attachment: A cluster analytic approach. Infant Behavior and Development, 18, 435-446.

Halberstadt, A., Cassidy, J., Stifter, C., Parke, R., & Fox, N. (1995). Self-expressiveness at home: The Self-Expressiveness Questionnaire. Psychological Assessment, 7, 93-103.

Stifter, C. A., & Braungart, J. M. (1995) The regulation of negative reactivity in infancy: Function and development. Developmental Psychology, 31, 448-455.